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Tuesday, July 25, 2006

Vintage Apple Computer Manuals : Apple II The DOS Manual " Disk Operating System'

Apple II
The DOS Manual
Disk Operating System

Preface

This manual has two primary functions. The first is to teach you how to use the DOS (Disk Operating System): the Chapters of the manual use examples to accompany explanations of how the various DOS commands work. The second function of the manual is to serve as a reference guide to DOS. The Appendices, Quick Reference Card, and the Indices were planned with this function in mind.

To use an Apple Disk II, you need an Apple II computer with at least 16 k of memory – but 32 k is recommended. Since the 16 k system allows little memory space to store programs. In fact, the MUFFIN program and the FID program on your System Manager Diskette need 32 k of memory to run. For writing Apple Disk II with AppleSoft on cassette tape or on diskette you need at least 32 k of memory.

The Apple Disk II is a “floppy” disk unit which allows you to store and retrieve information more quickly than you can with tape. The information is stored and retrieved from a “diskette”, a small (about 5 inch) in diameter specially coated plastic disk which is permanently sealed in a plastic case.

One of the most important advantages of using Disk II is that information is stored and retrieved by a name by which it is filed. A program that catalogs phone numbers might be saved with an instruction such as
SAVE PHONE NUMBERD
And retrieved with an equally simple command. The name PHONE NUMBERS under which a program is filled is a file name.

The programs that automatically keep track of files save and retrieve information and do a multitude of other housekeeping tasks are called the Disk Operating System, usually shortened to “DOS”. Some people say “doss” and others say “ Dee oh less”. Learning to use DOS and the disk consists of learning a few special DOS commands described in this manual. These commands can be used as extensions to either Applesoft of Integer BASIC or machine language programs.

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Apple II Dos - Apple II " The DOS Manual - Disk Operating System "


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